Lo Abarca: The terroir of cool climate fine wines in Chile
Did you know that terroir includes all human and natural factors of the vineyard in where vines are growing? Our terroir of Lo Abarca, is an incredibly unique terroir that allows us to grow grapes of exceptional quality. One of the main differences with neighbouring valleys are the temperatures.
If we look at the temperatures of Lo Abarca during the growing season (Octobre till May in the southern hemisphere), we have an average temperature of 13.9 degrees Celsius and 1.005 growing degree days (GDD) according to the classification of Amerine and Winkler. The 1.005 GDD classifies us in zone 1ª, which means that Lo Abarca belongs to the coolest climates of winemaking such as Alsace, Burgundy, Austria, and the upcoming Sussex in England. Also if we compare our temperatures with other valleys in Chile, Lo Abarca is one of coldest if not the coldest (www.meteovid.cl) It is also interesting to mention that our max temperature measured is 26.1 degrees Celsius, and temperatures in March can already go down to 2 degrees Celsius at night.
These cool temperatures make Lo Abarca the ideal place for cool climate varieties such as Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling, Sauvignon Gris, Gewurztraminer and Pinot Noir., Also Syrah found it´s place in Lo Abarca, producing a Norther Rhone style of Syrah. Cool climate wines share one important characteristic: a high natural acidity. This acidity provides our wine with freshness but also helps is to age for many years in the bottle.